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Krapina-Zagorje County (Croatia)

Krapisnko-Zagorska Zupanija

Last modified: 2010-02-19 by dov gutterman
Keywords: krapina | zagorje | croatia | county | krapinsko-zagorska | zupanija | ivancica | daisy |
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image by Željko Heimer, 12 January 2007

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  • Collection of Croatian Local Flags at FAME

The Flag

The County of Krapina - Zagorje is situated north of Zagreb, towards Slovenian border. The area is considered as a typical rural surrounding of the capital, although it is industrialized, mostly with light industry. On numerous hills there are many medieval and baroque castles and parks, and the coat of arms is therefore rightly chosen. There is a core of one of the three main Croatian dialects there, called 'kaykavian' (kajkavski).
Željko Heimer, 21 October 1998

I just received mail from Krapinsko-zagorska zupanija, confirming that they have recently adopted a new flag, as indicated on Janko Ehrlich's site. They are expecting this flag to be approved by central administration
Željko Heimer, 10 March 2000

The flag is red with yellow stripes allong upper and lower edge (width 1/10 of hoist each). In the middle there is the Coat of Arms bordered yellow. Ratio 1:2. Adopted: 21 December 1999.
One should note that there are three different shades of red used in those flags, maybe to visualise possible difference of the materials used (?) :
CMYK 0 80 100 0 - red fields in Coat of Arms
CMYK 10 100 100 0 - red field of the flag
CMYK 20 100 100 5 - red field of The Ceremonial Flag
Yellow is in all flags the same Pantone Process Yellow (that's CMYK 0 0 100 0). But on the ceremonial flag for the linden fruit are used other two shade Pantone 122 CV (for "berries") and Pantone 1205 CV (for the "leaf").
Željko Heimer , 24 March 2000

The first set of symbols was adopted by the County already in 1993 (the counties were formed in the beginning of 1993), adopting the design based on the coat of arms of its capital city.
I translate the artcile 8 of the decision (1): "The central part of the coat of arms represents the Old City [of Krapina] with towers in shape of the shield of the coat of arms of the City of Krapina. The background of the towers is dark blue. Around the shield is a mantle of red colour based on the old uniforms of Croatian soldiers, espeically the Illirians. The inner part of the mantle is celestial blue, symbolizing the openness and honesty as well as the integrity of the inhabitants of the County. On the left and the right of the shield across the mantle are hanging on golden ribbons the daisy flowers symbolizing the County and the mountain in which slopes the County is setteled for the most part. Atop the shield in the mantle is set the coat of arms of the Republic of Croatia. Behind the coat of arms above the mantle are stylized low hills of Zagorje. Below the coat of arms is set a winding ribbon of drak blue inscribed with "ŽUPANIJA KRAPINSKO ZAGORSKA"."
The flag is described in article 9, as vertical flag made of red silk with two square indentations at the base, the size of which is 1/5 of the flag width. It is fringed with gold. The coat of arms is set in the lower half, touching the line that divides the flag in halves, the size of the coat of arms should be such that the blue ribbon almost touches the vertical edges. (Actually, it is hard to place the coat of arms in the lower half and then to make it so big so that ribbons "almost touch" the edges - of course, it depends what do one means with "almost"). The horizontal flag was not prescribed, but was reportedly in use with the coat of arms in the middle and woithout the indentations.
The decision (2) of 1994 changes only one line of the 1993 decision regarding who gives grants for the use of the symbols to tohers then the County itself (County chief in 1993, Assembly in 1994).
The 1993 symbols were not approved by the central authorities (at the time it was in the Ministry of Administration), and the reasons for that were several (inclusion of the coat of arms of Croatia in the design, use of the mantle, use of the coat of arms of the city, ribbons...). So in 1997 the County made a minor adjustment in hope to get the approval, however this was not enough to cover for all the flaws in the design. Nevertheless, the decision (3) of 1997 changes the coat of arms of the Republic of Croatia atop of the main shield into "the historic coat of arms of the Republic [sic!] of Croatia from year 1495".   Let's for the moment ignore that there was no such Republic in 1495, the history of the Croatian coat of arms knows of two coat of arms preserved from that year or close to it. Namely a rectangular 8x8 "chess-board" is preserved on the walls of the church of St. Lucia in Jurandvor near Baška (important as the site of an other stone carving showing the oldest preserved text in Glagolitic script) and is dated around 1495. However, this is probably not the one meant by the Krapina- Zagorje County legislators - the other coat of arms is the one preserved on the ceiling of the Stadtrichter Zeller Haus (Herzog Friedrichstr. 35) of the city magistrate (Stadtrichter) in Innsbruck, Austria, dating from 1495/96. [photos of both and some other old Croatian coat of arms could be seen at <>]. This coat of arms consists of 4x4 cheqy topped with a golden simple crown.   I redraw the coat of arms according to this, however I have some reservations weather the 4x4 coat of arms was really meant - in any case, this should be considered reconstruction based on description until it is further confirmed. Nothing else was changed in the previous decisions, however, during the 1997 the county was renamed to "Krapinsko- zagorska županija" by some general act (which assumingly changed all the other county acts by default), so we may assume that the inscribed name was also changed.   So far, I was not aware that these flags were actually ever made and I am also suspicious if the coat of arms was used to any extent, but they were prescribed so. I don't include the horizontal flag as it was not prescribed, nor reported in use.
The new symbols were finally adopted in 1999 after a public competition. The decision (4) of 1999 adopts the current symbols - coat of arms and the flag. The decision changes the description of the coat of arms and the flag in the previous decisions and introduces the concept of the ceremonial flag to be determined with a separate decision. The coat of arms is described so: "semicircular shield vertically divided. It is heorizontally divided with embatteled divisions producing four fields in the shield. Fields one and four are red and two and three are golden. In the chief are three six-pointed stars, the first one golden, the second one virtically divided into golden to the left and red to the right and the third star is red." I prefer a blazon, for example such: per pale and per bend the latter embatteled gules and or and overall in chief three six-pointed stars counterchanged. The flag is bicolour, so that the main part of the field is dark red while the stripes along the top and the bottom are yellow ("golden" states the decision), each having width 1/10 of the flag width. In the middle is the coat of arms bordered golden. The red of the coat of arms is lighter then the red of the flag, is explicitly stated in the description. I received a Corel file from the County, showing these symbols together with the ceremonial flag - however that flag differed from the one that was actually adopted, something I got info only a year latter. The ceremonial flag I showed in several places was based on that and was errorneous - it must have been a proposal changed at the very last minute for the version with the wattle.
The decision (5) was adopted on the same day as the previous one, defining the ceremonial flag that includes the wattle below the coat of arms. We know that there are table flags repoirted in use having the same basic design.
The document listed as (6) above is mentioned in the decision (8) as one of the decisions being abrogated. By its name, it includes only a correction of a typo or something like that. Unfortunately, I am not having the full text of that document
The document (7) is the decision of the Ministry of Justice, Administration and Local Self-Administration (this was responsible for the approval of the symbols at the time). It is referenced in the decision (8), but I have not located the full text. The reference is interesting to use, as it showes that the symbols were approved in 2000, 8th May.
And finally, we come to the recent new decision (8), abbrograting all previous. This is available on the counyt official gazette site. The decision is for the most part the consolidated text of the previous decisions. If it were not for the interesting references and citation of all previous decisions, it would be fairly uninteresting.
1) Odluka o opisu i uporabi grba i zastave Krapinsko-zagorske županije, 6. kolovoza 1993, Službeni glasnik Županije Krapinsko- zagorske, br. 8/93, 30.10.1993.
2) Odluka o izmjeni Odluke o opisu i uporabi grba i zastave Krapinsko- zagorske županije, 3. lipnja 1994, Službeni glasnik Županije Krapinsko-zagorske, br. 14/94, 04.06.1994.
3) Odluka o izmjeni Odluke o opisu i uporabi grba i zastave Krapinsko- zagorske županije, 19. prosinca 1997, Službeni glasnik Krapinsko- zagorske županije, br. 14/97, 22.12.1997.
4) Odluka o izmjenama i dopunama Odluke o opisu i uporabi grba i zastave Krapinsko-zagorske županije, 17. prosinca 1999, Službeni glasnik Krapinsko-zagorske županije, br. 17/99.
5) Odluka o izgledu svecane zastave Krapinsko-zagorske županije, Krapina, 17. prosinca 1999. Kl: 021-04/99-01/168, Urbr. 2140/1-01-99- 1, Službeni glasnik Krapinsko-zagorske županije, br. 17/99
6) (Ispravak Odluke, Službeni glasnik Krapinsko-zagorske županije, br. 1/00.)
7) (Rješenje Ministarstva pravosuda, uprave i lokalne samouprave Kl. UP/I-017-02/99-01/19 Urbr. 514-09-01-00-2, 08.05.2000.)
8) Statutarna odluka o opisu i uporabi grba i zastave Krapinsko- zagorske županije, 11. ožujka 2005, Službeni glasnik Krapinsko- zagorske županije, br. 2/05, 14.03.2005.
Željko Heimer, 12 January 2007

The symbols were designed by the Heraldic Art d.o.o. company from Rijeka.
Željko Heimer, 4 November 2007

The new Statutes of the Krapina-Zagorje County at <>, do not describe the symbols only mention them.
However, the agenda of the 4th session of the county assembly at that was held on 17 December 2009, includes the item on the proposal for amendments of the decision of the county coa and flag. I suppose that the amendments are only minor, as in other cases in 2009, amending only responsibilities of the county mayors in regard with the grant of use of the symbols to the commercial businesses.
Željko Heimer, 25 December 2009

Ceremonial Flag

image by Željko Heimer, 8 May 2004

The ceremonial flag is gonfalon with triangual ending, five sleave rectanges at the top, red bordered with yellow and with yellow fringe along the lower sides. In the middle is the Coat of Arms bordered yellow, above it arched inscription bearingh the name of the community in three lines, below two yellow branches - a vine with grapes and a linden branch with it's fruit. Approximate ratio 1:2.
Željko Heimer, 24 March 2000

Above you can read on the ceremonial flag of the Krapina- Zagorje County as it is described in the original documentation. However, at least since 2002 there were reported in use table flags that were different from that design, namely instead of the branches below the coat of arms, they have an arc of the tripple wattle.
I believe that until now it was not confirmed weather the real unique ceremonial flag was also done with the wattle arc, or if only the table flags are made so.
Željko Heimer, 8 May 2004

There are two reported version of the ceremonial flag of the County. I just received a definitive confirmation that the one with the wattle is the one in use and the one with the branches apparently was never produced. A photo in local magazine Zagorski list, br.34, 9 June 2004. shows the three flags on display in the Krapina-Zagorje County Assembly Hall - the middle one is the flag of Croatia, to its right (viewer's left) is the ceremonial flag of the county and on the other side is the ceremonial flag of the city of Krapina. I believe that such display of two ceremonial flags together is rather unusual, probably the two share the same assembly hall.
It may be interesting to note that the two flags side by side on the photo clearly show different rectangular sleaves in the upper edge. I do not find any specialy meaning in that, but just an observation.
Željko Heimer, 11 June 2004

There is a decision titled: Odluka o izgledu svecane zastave Krapinsko-zagorske županije, Krapina, 17. prosinca 1999. Kl: 021-04/99-01/168, Urbr. 2140/1-01-99- 1.   The decision made at the same time when the new 1999 design of the county flag was made, determines the design of the ceremonial flag as well. Unlike the ceremonial flag that was at first planned, with two branches below the coat of arms, the design including the arched wattle was adopted.   Tomislav Šipek already pointed to me that the table flags are made in the pattern with an arc of the tripple wattle. I have had that info before the congress in Stockholm, but after I have sent the final text to the editor. Therefore I have shown this, what I considered a variation then, on my presentation in Stockholm, but this is not included in the proceedings. also, I believe that I have published the errorneous design in some other publications before that also. Afterwards, Tomislav confirmed that not only the table flags are made without the branches, but the real ceremonial flag as well. I finally found a document to support that The flag with branches is thus just an unadopted proposal after all.
Željko Heimer, 18 December 2004

Unadopted Proposal

image by Željko Heimer , 24 March 2000

Coat of Arms

image by Željko Heimer, 8 October 2000

1993 Symbols

image by Željko Heimer, 12 January 2007

image by Željko Heimer, 12 January 2007

image by Željko Heimer, 8 October 2000

The Coat of Arms of Krapina-Zagorje is variation of the Coat of Arms of Krapina city, surrounded with the heraldic tent, "crowned" with the full Coat of Arms of Croatia. There is no crown here, but surely the state Coat of Arms is unapproprate here, and certainly forbiden by the law(s).
Željko Heimer, 21 October 1998

Question to flower experts - name a small field flower haing yellow seeds and small pointed white pettals. In Croatian they are called  "ivanc<ica", clearly connected with deminutive feminin form of the name "Ivan" (John). I guess that it is not only the Croatian "stereotype" that these flowers are used often by young gilrs for making girdles playing fairy queens and similar.
In any case, when we get the name of the flower - it is that flower that is shown as four things that hangs from the heraldic mantly in the former (and never approved) coat of arms of Krapina-Zagorje county. Those flowers were chose for canting reasons to remind on the mountain of the same name (Ivanc<ica) that dominates the County landscape.
Željko Heimer, 10 September 2000

They look to me very much like what we call daisies. They are a widespread wildflower in America (and probably elsewhere) and often used by small children here as ornaments.
Al Kirsch, 10 September 2000

I agree with Al's identifiaction, even if it causes me some linguistical-botanical trouble. Daisy seems to be used in English both for big and small daisy-like flowers, which belong to two different botanical species:
- the "big" daisy, Leucanthemum vulgare in Latin, marguerite in French.
- the "small" daisy, Bellis perennis, paquerette in French.

The "big" daisy is involved in the game "effeuiller la marguerite" (litt. to pick the petals off the daisy), a "she loves me - she loves me not" game. Every picked petal is associated with a special level of expected love (from "not at all" to "madly"). The level corresponding to the last petal tells what can be expected. The game is difficult to play with "small" daisies, because their petals are too small.
Botanically , daisy flowers are not "flowers" but "composite inflorescences", specifically called "capitules" ("small heads in Latin"). The name of this flower family (including dandelion, artichoke, cornflower, salsify, thistles ...) was Composaceae, until the new Botanical Code changed it to Asteraceae (association with a genius name is now mandatory, so forgot the Graminaceae and other Cruciferaceae). Both the white "petals" and the yellow "seeds" of the inflorescence are in fact true flowers, and the inflorescence is made of hundreds of them. The white "petals" are in fact the petals of the outer flowers (a singel petal for each flower), whereas the inner yellow flowers do not have petals.
Ivan Sache, 10 September 2000

I agree, these are properly known as asters, maybe because they look like stars?
John S. Ayer, 11 September 2000

1997 Symbols

image by Željko Heimer, 12 January 2007

image by Željko Heimer, 12 January 2007