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Municipality of Jun (Andalusia, Spain)

Granada Province

Last modified: 2009-11-21 by eugene ipavec
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[Municipality of Jun (Andalusia, Spain)]
image by Ivan Sache, 11 Dec 2008

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The municipality of Jun (2,577 inhabitants in 2007; 3.4 sq. km) is located 1.5 km south of Granada.

Jun was originally known as "Ludenia", meaning "near the temple of Diana" (Latin, "Iun Dianium"). The primitive settlement grew around a temple dedicated to the Roman goddess. Since there were several temples dedicated to Diana in Hispania, the component "denia" was progressively dropped, leaving only "iun," "near." In the 14-15th centuries, the diphtong "iu" was jotacized and the name of the village became "Jun."

Once known for ceramics, Jun is famous today for having organized on 28 June 2001 the first Municipal Council on the Internet in the world. Romano Prodi, then President of the European Commission, said that the "Active teledemocracy" was born that day in Jun. On 27 December 1998, the municipality of Jun had already proclaimed Internet access as a universal right granted to all citizens.

Source: Municipal website

Ivan Sache, 11 Dec 2008


The municipal flag of Jun is vertically divided blue-white with a yellow Roman temple surmonting the white numbers "01 11 111 010". The flag was approved by the General Directorate of the Local Administration of the Government of Andalusia on 23 January 2008. The flag, representing the past, the present and the future of Jun, was unveiled "on line" on 3 September 2008, 21 PM, by Mayor José Antonio Rodríguez (that is, with live broadcasting og the ceremony on the Mayor's blog). This is not surprising since Jun was the first municipality in the world to proclaim the access to the Internet as a universal right for all its citizens (1999), to broadcast a session of the municipal council on the Internet (2001), and to organize regional elections via the Internet and cell phone (2004). On the same day, some 300 flags were hoisted all over the village.


The meaning of the mysterious code is explained on the municipal website as follows:

  1. Replace each 0 by a dot and each 1 by a dash, respecting the spaces.
  2. Translate the obtained Morse code into a usual word.
  3. The coded word represents the value for which the villagers of Jun work, and, more generally, a guiding value for mankind.
The answer is "AMOR," Spanish for "love." The flag is said to be the only one in the world to include such a code.

Source: Municipal website

Ivan Sache, 11 Dec 2008

The flag and arms of Jun were approved by the Municipal Council on 13 December 2007 and submitted on 15 January 2008 to the General Directorate of Local Administration, which confirmed them by Decree on 23 January 2008, published in the Andalusian official gazette (Boletín Oficial de la Junta de Andalucía, BOJA) No. 26 on 6 February 2008.

The relevant parts of the Decree are the following:

Coat of arms: Shield divided per pale and grafted in base. 1. Vert a Roman temple or. 2. Azure a three-arched bridge or masoned sable. Grafted in base argent with the writing IUNDENIA sable surmounted by a pomegranate proper. Overall an escutcheon "en bajo" gules a jar or.

Flag: Rectangular flag in proportions 2:3, made of two equal vertical stripes, blue with a yellow Roman temple over the binary code 01 11 111 010 in white at hoist and white at fly.

The flag should be registered on the Andalusian Register of Local Entities, with its official written description and graphics (as originally submitted, but unfortunately not apprended to the Decree).

Source: BOJA No. 26, p. 43, 06 Feb 2008

Ivan Sache, 30 Jun 2009