Last modified: 2007-09-29 by ivan sache
Keywords: maldives | divehi | asia | crescent (white) | war flag | naval ensign |
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Flag of the Maldives - Image by Željko Heimer, 30 September 2002
Flag adopted 25 July 1965, coat of arms adopted in 1965.
Description: A red flag with a green rectangle panel in the middle, charged with a white crescent pointing towards the fly
Use: on land, as the national and civil flag; at sea, as the national and civil ensign.
Colour approximate specifications (as given in Album des Pavillons [pay00]):
On this page:
Construction sheet of the flag of the Maldives - Image by Željko Heimer, 30 September 2002
Quoting the website of the Permanent Mission of the Republic of Maldives to the United Nations:
The National Flag of the Republic of Maldives is rectangular in form, its width being two-thirds of its length. The flag comprises of a green rectangle with a crescent in the centre and surrounded by a red border.
The width of the red border is one-fourth of the width of the flag. The width of the green rectangle is half of the width of the flag while its length is two-thirds of the length of the flag.
The radii of both curvatures of the crescent are one-third of the width of the green rectangle. They are drawn from two points on a centre line across the length of the green rectangle, the first point being 9/16th and the second at 5/8th of the length, measured from the side nearer to the staff. When the flag is hoisted the curvature of crescent should face outward.
The Red Border symbolizes the blood of the national heroes who sacrificed their lives for the independence and the sovereignty of the nation.
The Green Rectangle denotes life, progress and prosperity.
The White Crescent represents the Islamic faith of the nation.
Earlier, Maldivian flag had a black and white strip on the hoist side. This strip containing black and white oblique stripes, was withdrawn on 26 September 1965 (1 Jumaadhal A'akhira 1385).
The colour codes for the national flag are:
- Red: British Admiralty Colour Code No. T1144 for Nylon worsted bunting and No. T818A for other bunting
- White: British Admiralty Colour Code No. T1145 for nylon worsted bunting and No.T819 for other bunting
- Green: British Admiralty Colour Code No. T1143 for nylon worsted bunting and No. T817 for other bunting.
Flag of the Maldives, as shown in Album des Pavillons - Image by Željko Heimer, 30 September 2002
The flag shown in Album des Pavillons [pay00] is slightly different, with a narrower red border. It might be either erroneous or based on a version of the flag predating the adoption of the official specifications.
Jan Zrzavy & Željko Heimer, 30 September 2002
Quoting Crampton [cra90]:
The flag of the Maldives was originally a plain red flag. Later, a band of black and white stripes were placed in the hoist.
By the early part of this century, Prime Minister Amir Abdul Majid Didi had introduced the green panel and white crescent to the flags of the Maldives. Until 1949, the horns of the crescent would point towards the hoist.
Upon the independence of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) in 1949, the Maldives were a separate administrative entity. A Republic was established from 1953 until 1954. At that time, the Maldives had a reorganization of their flag structure. Primarily, the crescent was turned to face the fly and the Government service flag became the national flag. In 1954, the Sultan was reinstated and there were no changes to Maldivian flags. These flags continued to be used through independence in 1965.
Three years after independence, the Sultanate was removed and a Republic was instated again. The current national and presidential flags were introduced officially on 26 July 1968.
Calvin Paige Herring, 2 June 1998
Barraclough's Flags of
the World [bar65] says:
"The ensign is like the national flag but with a
star instead of a crescent".
None of the more recent publications refer to this flag, and Smith [smi80] indicates that the naval ensign is the same as the national flag.
Vincent Morley, 21 May 1997
War flag of the Maldives
Left, as shown by Smith - Image by Željko Heimer, 9 January 2005
Right, as shown by Talocci - Image by Nicolas Deprez, 4 July 2005
Smith [smi75c] shows the war flag of the Maldives, used on land, as horizontally divided blue-white-green, in approximate ratio 3:5.
Željko Heimer, 15 March 1996.
Talocci [tal93] shows the war flag of the Maldives as horizontally divided dark blue - yellow - light blue.
Nicolas Deprez, 4 July 2005